Tiger Conservation in Viet Nam:
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Report from a workshop on: 'Tiger and Prey species'
25 Sept. - 8 Oct. 1995, Lang Chang, Malaysia
The National Parks and Wildlife Protection Department, Malaysia and
The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF).
Vietnam is located in Southeast Asia and has total natural land area of 33,036,300 ha. Its population is more than 75 millions people.
The flora and fauna of Vietnam are rather diverse. It is estimated that there are over 12,000 vascular plant species (of which 7 000 has been identified), 224 species of mammals, 1 012 species and subspecies of birds, 180 species of reptile and 80 species of amphibians.
System of protected areas of Vietnam consists of:
The total area of the system is about 1 million ha (3% of the country land area). One third of system has management plans and one fourth has management boards.
Tiger in Vietnam is Indochinese tiger (Panthera tigris corbetti). Before, they were widely distributed throughout the forest and mountainous areas in high abundance. Now, they are eliminated from many areas of their former range and severely reduced in number. It is estimated about 200 tigers still surviving scattered in fragmented habitats.
In order to protect wildlife including the tiger Vietnam's Government has early gazetted legal documents such as:
Ministry of Forestry is authorised for policy making and enforcement, its working mechanism is described in CHART 1.
Take part on tiger study and conservation also many other agencies/institutions such as Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources, Forest Inventory and Planning Institute, Hanoi University, CRES, Forestry College of Vietnam,... other NGOs: Society of Forest Science and Technique, Zoological Society, WWF, IUCN, ....
There are several priority areas for tiger conservation:
Study and monitoring on tiger is poorly done in Vietnam. There is almost no surveys on tiger distribution and tiger census. Lack of expertise and skill on tiger conservation, Shortage of funds and equipment for tiger monitoring and protection. Prey species are studied better. The legal body for protection of tiger and its prey species is good, but its enforcement is still limited. Public awareness on tiger conservation is still low.
In order to effectively protect tiger in Vietnam following activities are necessary:
This report is written by group of Vietnamese participants of training course: 'Tiger and Prey species' in Malaysia, 25 Sept. - 8 Oct. 1995.
We would like to express our hearty thank to all organisers, instructors and others who kindly help us during the course.
Lang Chang, 5 October 1995
Newspaper Reports from this Workshop
Photo: Michael Seres
Prepared by Vern Weitzel <email@example.com>
Australia Vietnam Science-Technology Link