Click on a language name to go to the relevant page.
Most of the language work done in this geographical area has been conducted in the past thirty years. Prior to that there was interest in the kinship terminology of languages of the area, reflected in the number of works dealing with Kariyarra kin terms. Hale and O'Grady were the first to study the structure of the languages in the 1960s.
Texts in languages of the area were produced by Brandenstein (1970) and Butler and Austin (1984, 1986).The most detailed studies have been those of Austin, Brandenstein and Dench.
Tindale (1974) reports the following names for which nothing more is known about the language:
Jinigudira: North-West Cape and its peninsula to a line between the bottom of the Exmouth Gulf and Whaleback Hills, at Point Cloates. Austin (p.c.) suggests that Yinikurtira is the name of a local group of Thalanyji speakers living on Yinikurti (Cardabia Creek) and Giralia Range (-ra is a suffix for naming people after places).
Jadira: Middle waters of the Cane and Robe Rivers from south of Mount Minnie north to the Fortescue River.
Jaburara: (Yaburrara) Dampier and Burrup, Nickol Bay,'a dialect related to Ngarluma' (p.242). Austin and Brandenstein (p.c.) both suggest this name is derived from yapurru (north) and the suffix -ra (see the comment for Yinikurtira, above), and hence means 'northerners'.
Mandara: Ophthalmia Range and on the plateau at the head of Turee and Weediwolli creeks; south to Prairie Downs (Mt Newman).
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) list Wadiwangga on the basis of a vocabulary collected by Paterson in 1960, as a member of the Kanyara subgroup.
Anonymous (1908b) 'Aboriginal names and meanings', p.96 in Science of Man, Vol.10, no.6 .
Anonymous (1909a) 'Aboriginal names and meanings', p.112 in Science of Man Vol. 10, no.7.
Anonymous (1909c) 'Aboriginal names and meanings' p.100 in Science of Man, Vol.11, no.5.
Anonymous (n.d.e) Native vocabulary, Onslow district, Trees bushes and grasses, MS.
Austin, P. (1978a) Fieldnotes - Dhalandji, Yinggarda, Bayungu, Burduna, Dyiwarli, Binigura, Dyururu, MS.
Austin, P. (1985c) Classification of Southern Pilbara languages, ts. Revised version of a paper presented to the Pacific Science Congress, Dunedin, New Zealand.
Austin, P. (1987d) Gascoyne-Ashburton Project, Project Report 6, Spelling of Language names, Linguistics Division, La Trobe University.
Austin, P. (1988a) 'Aboriginal languages of the Gascoyne-Ashburton region', pp.43-63 in La Trobe Working Papers in Linguistics 1.
Austin, P. (1988b) 'Classification of Southern Pilbara languages', pp.1-17 in Papers in Australian linguistics, Pacific Linguistics, A-71, Canberra. [Also Austin (1985c).]
Austin, P. (n.d.a) A reference grammar of the Kanyara languages, MS.
Brandenstein, C.G. von (1967c) 'The language situation in the Pilbara-past and present', pp.1-20 in Papers in Australian Linguistics, No.2, Pacific Linguistics, A-11, Canberra.
Brandenstein, C.G. von (1969g) The diaries of C.G. von Brandenstein, 1964-1969, MS.
Brandenstein, C.G. von (1973b) 'Placenames of the north-west', pp.97-107 in WA Naturalist, Vol.12 no.5.
Brandenstein, C.G. von (1982c) 'The secret respect language of the Pilbara', pp.33-52 in Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Kulturwissenschaft, Sonderheft 50.
Colonial Secretary of Western Australia (1903a) 'Aboriginal placenames and meanings', p.133 in Science of Man, Vol.6, no.9.
Dench, A.C. (1982c) 'The development of an accusative case marking pattern in the Ngayarda languages of Western Australia', pp.43-60 in Australian Journal of Linguistics, Vol.2, no.1.
Dench, A.C. (1983a) Pilbara pronoun reconstructions, ts.
Dench, A.C. (1985d) Pilbara demonstrative reconstructions, ts.
Derriman, P. (1990) 'Why Western Australia's Aborigines are speaking Portuguese', in the Sydney Morning Herald 30 July 1990.
Forrest, J. (1901) 'Linguistics', pp.96-97 in Science of Man, Vol.4, no.5.
Mathews, R.H. (1904) 'Ethnological notes on the Aboriginal tribes of Western Australia', pp.69-72 in Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, Queensland Branch, Proceedings, Vol.19.
McCardell, A. (1970) Tabi songs of the Pilbara, BA (Hons) thesis, UWA.
Morphy, F. (1985) Working notes on Western Australian languages. Part of an ARGS project directed by R.M.W. Dixon.
O'Grady, G.N. (1959) Significance of the circumcision boundary in Western Australia, BA thesis, University of Sydney .
O'Grady, G.N. (1966) 'Proto-Ngayarda phonology', pp.71-130 in Oceanic Linguistics, no.5.
O'Grady, G.N., C.F. Voegelin and F.M. Voegelin (1966) 'Languages of the world: Indo-Pacific fascicle 6', pp.1-197 in Anthropological Linguistics, Vol.8, no.2.
Radcliffe-Brown, A.R. (n.d.) North-west division short vocabulary, ts.
Scott, M.P. (1972) 'Some Aboriginal food plants of the Ashburton District, Western Australia', pp.94-96 in WA Naturalist, Vol.12, no.4.
Sharp, J. and N. Thieberger (forthcoming) Handbook of Aboriginal languages of the Pilbara region, PALC, Port Hedland.
Terry, F. and V. Hamersley (1949) Word list, MS.
Wordick, F.J.F. (1977b) [Letter to M.Walsh, Linguistics Research Officer, AIAS], ts.
Wright, B.J. (1965) Report [to AIAS] on the survey of Aboriginal rock art in the northwest of Western Australia, June 1965.
Wright, B.J. (1968) Rock art of the Pilbara region, North-West Australia, ts.
Wright, B.J. (1969) Some circumcision rites in the Pilbara - notes, tapescripts and film sequences.
Go Back to Contents